Lilac Merles have recessive genes

Lilac Merle French Bulldog: Characteristics, Price, Health & More

Lilac merle french bulldog is one of the rarest with the most unique looks in the world of Frenchie. It is cute, playful, and friendly. If you are looking for a truly special pet, a Lilac Merle can be the one!

However, make sure you know everything about this special type of Frenchie before buying or adopting one. Read this comprehensive guide now!

What is a Lilac Merle French Bulldog?

A Lilac Merle French Bulldog is one that has the Merle gene and two sets of recessive genes: the Dilution gene (also known as the Blue gene) and the Cocoa gene.

The term “recessive” means a copy of the gene must be passed on from both parents, to make a Lilac Merle.

Key characteristics of Lilac Merle French Bulldog

Lilac Merles are born with all typical characteristics of the French Bulldogs, except for the coat color. Let’s take a closer look below!

1. General Appearance

The Lilac Merle Frenchie is a mini version of a French Bulldog. They tend to have a square-shaped head with heavy wrinkles and large bat ears.

Lilac Merles get their name for the dark patches across the light coat, which creates a striking pattern effect. You may notice smaller patches around the face and large patches on the body.

Besides, Lilac Merle Frenchies are likely to have light-colored eyes. The Lilac puppies are characterized by vibrant blue eyes, but this color may change a bit when they grow up.

2. Size and life expectancy

Lilac Merle Frenchies is a type of French Bulldog, so you can refer to the average sizes and life expectancy of the breed below.

Size and life expectancy
Size11-13 inches
WeightUnder 28 pounds
Life expectancy10 - 12 years

However, the life expectancy of Lilac Merles may be shorter than average due to its health issues induced by recessive genes. Some external factors such as diet and exercise also affect the age of a Lilac Merle Frenchie.

3. Personality

Like all French Bulldogs, Lilac Merle Frenchies are playful and open to strangers. They are able to adapt to life quickly, and they enjoy making new friends whenever they can, whether it is another animal or human.

It is also a great idea for a family to adopt a Lilac Merle French Bulldog as they are affectionate and friendly to young children.

How can I tell if my dog is Lilac Merle French Bulldog?

Lilac Merle French Bulldog
Lilac Merle French Bulldog

It is best to bring your pet to a vet and run a DNA test to confirm whether it is a Lilac Merle French Bulldog or not. To be more specific, the test will tell you about your dog’s genetic makeup, thereby determining its breed precisely.

There are also some facial features that can tell if your dog is a Lilac Merle Frenchie. For example, their eyes may be blue, amber, or light gray. Meanwhile, their noses can have a light gray color with pinkish skin around the mouth and the eyes.

However, it is not always 100% true to tell your dog’s breed through physical characteristics. You should still conduct a genetic test to find out.

You can only be sure that your dog is a Lilac Merle when both their parents are confirmed as Lilac Frenchies.

Lilac Merle French Bulldog vs Other French Bulldogs

Lilac Merles may look similar to other types of French Bulldogs such as Isabella and Blue Merles in terms of colors. However, their genetic makeup is still different.

1. Lilac Merle French Bulldog vs Isabella French Bulldog

Lilac Merles are often confused with Isabella Frenchies as they bear almost the same coat color. However, they are still two different breeds when we consider DNA.

As mentioned above, the Lilac Merles are born to two sets of recessive genes, including the Blue gene and the Chocolate gene, also known as the Cocoa gene in this case.

Isabella Frenchies have the Testable Chocolate gene instead of Cocoa. Therefore, Isabella may be born with the Chocolate color but they aren’t considered Lilac Merles.

However, if your Bulldog has Chocolate coloring, it is likely a Lilac Merle. Only one out of ten Frenchies with this coloring can be Isabella.

2. Lilac Merle French Bulldog vs Blue Merle French Bulldog

Merle coats have many color variations, and Blue is one of the most common.

Regarding Blue Merles, the color blue is produced by a combination of the standard Black coloring and the Dilution gene. The difference is that in Lilac Merles, the Dilution gene must be recessive. In addition, the base coloring here is chocolate (Cocoa) rather than Black.

3. Lilac Merle French Bulldog vs Double Merle French Bulldog

A Lilac Merle only carries one dominant Merle gene, while a Double Merle French Bulldog carries two copies of the Merle genes.

When two Merle dogs mate, there is a 25% chance that their offspring is a Double Merle. However, producing Double Merle Frenchies is not recommended since these dogs suffer from many health issues. They are likely to be born blind, deaf, or both.

How rare are Lilac Merle French Bulldogs?

Lilac Merle Frenchies are rare and expensive.
Lilac Merle Frenchies are rare and expensive.

Lilac is one of the rarest color variations in French Bulldogs. Add that Merle coat, which is also a rare pattern. It is safe to say that Lilac Merles are the rarest of all types of Frenchies.

How much is a Lilac Merle French Bulldog?

Merle Frenchies in general and Lilac Merles in particular are more expensive than regular French Bulldogs. Their prices can range anywhere from $6000 to $10,000!

This astronomical price is due to the rarity of Lilac Merles. In addition, the number of reputable breeds is few and far between.

Health issues in Lilac Merle French Bulldogs

Lilac Merle Frenchies carry the gene of Merle and French Bulldog, both of which are known to possess some health concerns.

Merle health issues

Breeding a Double Merle can result in health problems, particularly in their eyes and ears:

  • Blindness: Double Merles may be born with visual impairments, or even worse, complete blindness.
  • Deafness: Due to the lack of pigmentation in their inner ears, Double Merles may be deaf or have hearing issues.
  • Immunodeficiency: Double Merles tend to have a weaker immune system compared to a regular Frenchie.

Lilac French

The Lilac French Bulldog itself has a wide range of health concerns despite good breeding.

  • Allergies: Lilac Frenchies suffer from more types of allergies than their friends. They can be allergic to food, dust, grass, pollen, and so on.
  • Skin disorders: Due to the heavy wrinkles and skinfold, these breeds may be prone to skin fold dermatitis.
  • Breathing issues: Although Lilacs are born with longer snouts, they still have trouble breathing due to Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS).
  • Joint problems: Lilac Frenchies tend to have issues around their joints, in addition to backs and necks.

Tips when adopting a Lilac Merle French Bulldog

Lilac Merles are expensive and difficult to breed. Therefore, keep in mind these tips before adopting a Lilac.

1. Find a reputable breeder

It is important to find a breeder registered under official organizations to avoid scams and other problems. If possible, you should consult professionals to get contacts of reputable breeders.

2. Meet up with the breeder

You don’t want to fall for scams when investing such a huge amount of money, right? You should always meet up with the breeder rather than just get the dog at home.

3. Ask for certifications

It is difficult to confirm whether a dog is a Lilac Merle Frenchie or not just by the look. You need to see the certifications or results of DNA tests to be sure.

4. Get the dog’s health records

Lilac Merles are prone to a number of health problems. Therefore, you may want to make sure the one you are adopting is in good shape. If possible, have a veterinarian check their conditions.

5. Sign a contract

Last but not least, you should sign a written contract that states all terms clearly. Make sure to include the refund or return in case of health issues.


1. Are Lilac Merle French Bulldogs purebred?

No. A dog must be born to parents of the same breed to be considered purebred. Meanwhile, sometimes you need different breeds to make a Lilac Merle Frenchie.

2. Can Lilac Merle be registered with a Kennel Club (KC)?

No. Merles in general, including Lilac Merles, can’t be registered with a KC. First, the KC doesn’t consider Lilac Merle Frenchies a standard breed color. Second, Merles come with serious health issues so the KC doesn’t encourage the breeding of Lilac.

3. Is a Merle Bulldog rare?

Absolutely! The Merle coloring is quite rare, and hence, more expensive than regular dogs.

4. Are Lilac Merle Frenchies prone to allergies?

Yes! The Lilac Merle French Bulldogs are more prone to allergies compared to other breeds. What’s worse, they may suffer from more severe effects from allergies.

5. Is the French Bulldog a good family dog?

Yes, the French Bulldog is an excellent family dog. They are small in size and incredibly affectionate, making them a great companion for children and adults alike.

Lilac Merle French Bulldogs are also quite intelligent and can be easily trained. They thrive on human companionship and enjoy being around their family members. They are usually very friendly to other animals and people, and they rarely bark or display aggressive behavior. All these qualities make them ideal pets for families.

Closing Thoughts

That’s all about the Lilac Merle French Bulldogs! As you see, they make a great indoor companion and friend to your family. Just make sure you take all factors such as prices, health issues, nutrition, etc. before adopting one. And don’t forget to find a reputable breeder.

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